A Rare and Precious Gemstone
Tanzanite is one of the most intriguing and desirable precious gemstones of modern times. It is found in only one place on earth, deep in the foothills of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, East Africa. Experts say that the chance of tanzanite occurring anywhere else in the world is less than a million to one. The gemstone’s single source and limited supply makes it at least one thousand times rarer than a diamond.
A Unique and Exquisite Color
Tanzanite is exceptionally brilliant and is unique among gemstones for its multi-dimensional color. In gemological terms, Tanzanite is trichroic, which means that when brought out of the earth, its crystals radiate three different colors: blue, violet and burgundy. Once cut and polished, the tanzanite becomes a dazzling kaleidoscope.
Tanzanite comes in a wide and varied range of hues: light blues or lilacs, to deep indigos and violets. Larger stones tend to exhibit the more vivid colors, while smaller stones typically showcase pastel shades. Matching pairs are always greatly sought after, as it’s unusual to find two stones identical in color.
The Story of Discovery
Tanzanite was formed approximately 585 million years ago, yet this remarkable treasure remained hidden beneath the earth’s surface until just 50 years ago. In the year 1967, according to local sources, a Maasai tribesman herding his cattle stumbled upon some crystals on the ground. At first it was believed that the gemstones were unusually vibrant sapphires, but it was soon confirmed that an entirely new gemstone had been unearthed.
Tanzanite & Tiffany’s
New York’s celebrated jewelers Tiffany & Co. heard about the discovery of a new gemstone in Tanzania and were first to introduce it to the world, a year after its discovery. They christened the new find “Tanzanite” after its country of origin and declared it to be “the most beautiful blue stone to be discovered in 2000 years.” Tiffany proudly stated that tanzanite could be found in only two places in the world, “in Tanzania and at Tiffany’s.” The gemstone remains hugely popular with Tiffany & Co. customers today.